Update: New Pest & Disease Records (16 May 18)

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Plum pox virus (PPV) causes a dramatic decrease in fruit yield and quality (© Scott Bauer, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org)

We’ve selected a few of the latest new geographic, host and species records for plant pests and diseases from CAB Abstracts. Records this fortnight include the first report of plum pox virus (PPV) in Japan, the first report of white blister rust disease caused by Albugo occidentalis on spinach in Turkey and the first report of orange rust on sugarcane caused by Puccinia kuehnii in Guyana.

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EU ban on bee-killing insecticides

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Bee species are particularly affected by the use of insecticides within the agriculture sector (© Pexels)

The world’s most widely used group of insecticides will be banned from all fields within the next six months by the European Union. The use of neonicotinoids will be prevented in any manner with the aim of protecting important insect pollinators such as honeybees which are known to be vital for global crop pollination.

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Drought Resistance Hormone Discovered in Plants

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Drought affects two-thirds of Sub-Saharan Africa and over 65% of its population (© Pexels)

Researchers at the RIKEN Centre of Sustainable Resource Science (CSRS) in Japan have discovered a hormone linked to the stimulation of drought-resistant characteristics in plants.

Published in the journal Nature earlier this month, the study shows how the peptide CLE25 is synthesised in the roots of plants when under stress due to a lack of water in the soil, resulting in the closing of pores (stomata) in the leaf surfaces.

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Nuclear Development in Zambia: A Positive for Environmental Protection?

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A rural nuclear power plant (© Pexels).

The agriculture sector in Zambia employs around half of the country’s labour force and provides the largest source of employment opportunities for rural women. However, although the sector contributes 6.5% GDP and 9.6% of the national export earnings, the industry is one of the most under-developed in the country.

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Update: New Pest & Disease Records (05 Apr 18)

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Fusarium damping-off (Fusarium solani) identified as one of the causes of black disease to grapevines in Iran (© Paul Bachi, Bugwood.org)

We’ve selected a few of the latest new geographic, host and species records for plant pests and diseases from CAB Abstracts. Records this fortnight include new alien plant species recorded in Bulgaria, a new species of Thibetoides in France and the characterisation of the causes of grapevine black disease in Iran. Continue reading

NextGen Cassava Improving Food Security in Sub-Saharan Africa

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Unhealthy cassava leaves (© CABI)

The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has paired with the UK Government to award the Next Generation (NextGen) Cassava Breeding Project $35 million with the aim of promoting the growth of cassava crops and to improve food security in Sub-Saharan Africa.

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Update: New Pest & Disease Records (5 Mar 18)

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Wheat crop (Triticum), now vulnerable to Cocksfoot mottle virus in Ohio, USA (© Stockphoto) 

We’ve selected a few of the latest new geographic, host and species records for plant pests and diseases from CAB Abstracts. Records this fortnight include the first report of grapevine syrah virus-1 in China, the first report of Cocksfoot mottle virus infecting wheat in Ohio, USA and the first report of Tobacco mosaic virus infecting sesame in China.

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