As part of our new mini-series, “Our favourite recipes”, here is the next delicious recipe for you to try. Coconut Sambal (Pol Sambola) is a staple dish in Sri Lanka. It is essentially a relish or salad which adds vibrancy to meals of rice and curry. Coconut is one of the main agricultural crops in Sri Lanka. Most curries are made with coconut cream and grated coconut is used in a variety of stir fries and raw vegetable salads.
We’ve selected a few of the latest new geographic, host and species records for plant pests and diseases from CAB Abstracts. Records this fortnight include a report on new species of aphids of the Macrosiphini tribe from Kazakhstan, the first report of Caryedes brasiliensis preying on seeds of Dioclea violacea in Brazil and the first report of Peltophorus adustus in Mexico, with two new host associations.
Recipe courtesy of Joao A. Jeque Junior
As part of our new mini-series “Our favourite recipes”, the second post has been written by Joao A. Jeque Junior, Plantwise knowledge bank intern from Mozambique. He tells us how to prepare Xiguinha de “mandioca” made from cassava.
Xiguinha de “mandioca”
Mandioca is the translated Portuguese name for cassava, mostly referred in speaking Portuguese countries in Africa. The importance of cassava in African cultures as the main energy food source has already been acknowledged. In Mozambique cassava is widely used as the main ingredient for dishes across the country. Xiguinha is a traditional dish from South Mozambique widely consumed in both rural and urban areas.
Blog written by Léna Durocher-Granger and Solveig Danielsen
One Health Day is held on the 3rd of November to highlight “the collaborative effort of multiple disciplines — working locally, nationally, and globally — to attain optimal health for people, animals and the environment” (One Health Initiative, 2016). Although One Health Initiative is focusing mainly on zoonotic diseases as a key interface between human and animal health, it is important to remember that many human and animal health problems are caused or worsened by hunger, malnutrition and poor quality of food and feed. Looking beyond zoonoses, it is clear that human and animal health are closely connected to plant health for at least four reasons: Food security – enough food at the right time to feed people; Food safety – plant products of good quality; Feed security – enough feed at the right time to feed animals; and Livelihoods – agriculture is fundamental for economic growth in developing countries. Plant health is essential if crop yields are to be sufficient and of the right quality (Danielsen, 2013).
This is where CABI’s Plantwise programme aims to make a difference. Plantwise’s global objective is to increase food security and improve rural livelihoods by reducing crop losses due to pests and diseases. Further to this, experiences from different countries show that Plantwise, through its work to strengthen plant health service delivery, can also contribute to improving human and animal health and play a role in expanding One Health approaches (Boa et al., 2015).
We’ve selected a few of the latest new geographic, host and species records for plant pests and diseases from CAB Abstracts. Records this fortnight include new hosts (lettuce and wild rocket) of Fusarium equiseti in Italy, studies on occurrence of entomopathogenic nematodes in India and the first detection of tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) on Amaranthus thunbergii in South Africa.
Frosty Pod Rot, a potentially devastating disease of cocoa caused by the fungus Moniliophthora roreri, has been reported for the first time in Jamaica. First discovered in Ecuador in 1917, Frosty Pod Rot has since spread to many other Latin American countries including Colombia, Venezuela, Panama, Costa Rica, Peru, Nicaragua, Honduras and Guatemala. Until now, countries in the Caribbean have remained free of the disease. Frosty Pod Rot can be spread rapidly by wind, water and humans due to the production of millions of white, powdery spores on the pod surface that give the ‘frosty’ appearance. Yield losses are dependent on a number of factors, including plantation age, pod maturity, management practice, proximity to other infected plantations and weather conditions. In severe cases, the entire cocoa crop can be destroyed.
Last week in the Nkhotakota region of Malawi a new radio show went on air. Not a news programme or a music show, but a show devoted to Cassava. Sounds pretty specific? Well, it’s even more focussed than that. The weekly 30 minute programme is actually focussed on managing one of Cassava’s most damaging diseases – Cassava mosaic disease.