Update: New Pest & Disease Records (24 Aug 16)

Cycas revoluta by © by Esculapio (CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons)
Cycas revoluta by © by Esculapio (CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons)

We’ve selected a few of the latest new geographic, host and species records for plant pests and diseases from CAB Abstracts. Records this fortnight include a new report of Cycas revoluta leaf necrosis by Phoma herbarum from Pakistan, the first report of Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae causing bacterial leaf blight on Miscanthus × giganteus in the Republic of Korea, and new and earlier unnoted mealybugs and felt scale species from Morocco.

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Update: New Pest & Disease Records (10 Aug 16)

Grape plantation for wine production. Jolimont vinicole, in Canela / Gramado - RS, Brazil © By Mateus S. Figueiredo (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
Grape plantation for wine production. Jolimont vinicole, in Canela / Gramado – RS, Brazil © By Mateus S. Figueiredo (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
We’ve selected a few of the latest new geographic, host and species records for plant pests and diseases from CAB Abstracts. Records this fortnight include a report on the vine mealybug Planococcus ficus damaging vineyards in Brazil, the first report of Psallops niedzwiedzkii, a new species from Ghana, and the first report of Soybean chlorotic blotch virus and West African Asystasia virus 1 infecting cassava and a wild cassava relative in Cameroon and Togo.

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Making the most of the knowledge bank: begin booklet building!

BookletIn the latest on our series on making the most of the Plantwise knowledge bank, we turn our focus to the Booklet Builder which lets you compile a custom set of Plantwise factsheets and Pest Management Decision Guides (PMDGs) into one booklet, or create a booklet of content written in your country at the click of a button.

The booklet builder works like an online shopping cart, and is found in the same place you’d expect to see a cart – in the top right corner. The number in brackets shows how many items you’ve added, just like an internet shop, but in the booklet builder, all items are free! Here, we explain how to create your booklet in 3 easy steps.  Continue reading

Update: New Pest & Disease Records (27 Jul 16)

Rhizoctonia on common wheat (Triticum aestivum)
Rhizoctonia on common wheat (Triticum aestivum) © Mary Burrows, Montana State University, Bugwood.org

We’ve selected a few of the latest new geographic, host and species records for plant pests and diseases from CAB Abstracts. Records this fortnight include the first report of Rhizoctonia oryzae causing crown and root rot on wheat in Chile, a survey of nematodes associated with fruit trees in the state of Amapá, Brazil and the first report of Ramulispora sorghi, a new pathogen of sorghum in NE Argentina.

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Cassava viruses threaten food security

Written by Joao Junior, Plantwise Knowledge Bank Intern.

Cassava blog JJ.jpg
Cassava farmer. Copyright CABI.

Known as the poor people’s crop, cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is one of the most important subsistence crops in Africa, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and West Africa being consumed fresh, cooked or processed. It is estimated that cassava contributes to nearly 40% of the total daily calories consumed by poor smallholders in marginal and sub-marginal areas. The significant contribution to daily calories is due to its efficient production and storage of starch on the roots.

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“Pest-smart” to climate-smart in Southeast Asia

By Amy Cruz. Reblogged from the CGIAR CCAFS blog.

Male farmers listen to the facilitator during a focus group discussion in the Tra Hat Climate-Smart Village. The discussions help the researchers understand the pest management and climate change perceptions of rice farmers. Photo: A. Sivapragasam (CABI)

Climate-smart agriculture calls for pest management that controls farm pests and diseases in a way that does not negatively affect ecosystem services and human health.

Climate change affects not only farming practices in that extreme events may flatten trees and crops. It also affects the distributions and life cycles of animals and insects such as pests, disease-causing organisms and crop-pollinating insects and animals. Farmers in Vietnam speculate that the increase in temperatures brought about by climate change might be favouring certain pests.

To further understand the behavior, control and management of pests and diseases in the light of climate change, the Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences International (CABI) Southeast Asia is conducting “Pest Smart”, a two-year initiative under the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security Southeast Asia (CCAFS SEA) Climate-Smart Villages (CSVs) project.

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Update: New Pest & Disease Records (13 Jul 16)

Naga King chilis in India are being attacked by invasive mealybugs  © Asit K. Ghosh
Naga King chilis in India are being attacked by invasive mealybugs © Asit K. Ghosh

We’ve selected a few of the latest new geographic, host and species records for plant pests and diseases from CAB Abstracts. Records this fortnight include new host records for the fruit fly Ceratitis capitata in the state of Pará, Brazil, the presence of Meloidogyne enterolobii on Jalapeño pepper in Sinaloa, Mexico and the first report of the invasive mealybug Phenacoccus parvus infesting Naga King chili in India.

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