Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle on Guam – an update

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An adult male coconut rhinoceros beetle. Emmy Engasser, Hawaiian Scarab ID, USDA APHIS ITP, Bugwood.org

10 years ago the Coconut Rhinoceros beetle (CRB) was first discovered on the western Pacific island of Guam. Since then, these shoe-shine black, miniature invaders have spread to all parts of the island and are laying waste to the local coconut and oil palm population. The economy, culture and ecology  of Guam and other Pacific islands are intrinsically linked to the native palm species such that the rhino beetle poses a major threat. The indigenous peoples of Guam have a long history of weaving palm fronds, an artistry that is now at risk due to the rhino beetle. These trees are a symbol of tropic paradise, a motif that drives Guam’s primary industry; tourism. Continue reading

South American tomato leaf miner, Tuta absoluta, reported in Nepal for the first time

South American tomato leaf miner, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick), has been reported in a tomato farm for the first time in Nepal and the presence has been confirmed in five districts, Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, Kavrepalanchowk and Dhading district. Studies carried out by the Nepal Agricultural Research Council (NARC) in May and June this year have identified and confirmed the presence of the pest in 14 locations in the five districts mentioned above. The highest infestation was identified in two districts, Ugrachandi Nala-2 and Panchakhal of Kavrepalanchowk district.

tuta-absoluta
T. absoluta damage on tomato. Copyright: Peter Kodwaran, Ministry of Agriculture Livestock and Fisheries (MoALF), Kenya

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Update: New Pest & Disease Records (13 Jul 16)

Naga King chilis in India are being attacked by invasive mealybugs  © Asit K. Ghosh
Naga King chilis in India are being attacked by invasive mealybugs © Asit K. Ghosh

We’ve selected a few of the latest new geographic, host and species records for plant pests and diseases from CAB Abstracts. Records this fortnight include new host records for the fruit fly Ceratitis capitata in the state of Pará, Brazil, the presence of Meloidogyne enterolobii on Jalapeño pepper in Sinaloa, Mexico and the first report of the invasive mealybug Phenacoccus parvus infesting Naga King chili in India.

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Update: New Pest & Disease Records (29 Jun 16)

Anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum nymphaeae has been identified on peppers in Malaysia © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2009
Anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum nymphaeae has been identified on peppers in Malaysia © Queen’s Printer for Ontario, 2009

We’ve selected a few of the latest new geographic, host and species records for plant pests and diseases from CAB Abstracts. Records this fortnight include the first report of powdery mildew (Erysiphe quercicola) on rubber trees in Viet Nam, the occurrence of anthracnose fruit rot (Colletotrichum nymphaeae) on pepper in Malaysia and the characterization of a novel polerovirus infecting maize in China.

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Afghan Ministry of Agriculture to conduct nationwide plant pests and diseases survey

Deputy Minister Mir Amanudin Haidari speaking at Stakeholder Planning Workshop.
Image © Khaama Press

Afghanistan is highly dependent on agriculture but has been suffering from multiple plant pest and disease outbreaks. With this in mind, the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL) has prioritized the identification all existing plant pests and diseases, to be followed by a prevention strategy. This has led to the launch of the ‘Nationwide Insect Pests and Plant Diseases Survey’. At a Stakeholder Planning Workshop, Deputy Minister Mir Amanudin Haidari said: “We have many diseases in Afghanistan and they have cost us a lot. They are even a trade barrier. Some diseases have been transmitted to our county. Identification and creating a database of such diseases are vitally important. It will enable us to prevent diseases like we had in melons in Takhar Province few years ago.”

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Update: New Pest & Disease Records (08 Jun 16)

Healthy peanut pods © ICRISAT (CC BY-NC)
Healthy peanut pods © ICRISAT (CC BY-NC)

We’ve selected a few of the latest new geographic, host and species records for plant pests and diseases from CAB Abstracts. Records this fortnight include the first report of Curvularia lunata causing fruit rot of tomato in Pakistan, the characterization and occurrence of squash chlorotic leaf spot virus infecting cucurbits in Sudan and the first report of Rhizoctonia solani causing peanut pod rot in China.

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Update: New Pest & Disease Records (25 May 16)

Scarlet eggplants have been found in Brazil infected with Tomato Chlorosis Virus © Shihmei Barger (CC BY-NC-ND)
Scarlet eggplants have been found in Brazil infected with Tomato Chlorosis Virus © Shihmei Barger (CC BY-NC-ND)

We’ve selected a few of the latest new geographic, host and species records for plant pests and diseases from CAB Abstracts. Records this fortnight include the first report of Tomato chlorosis virus infecting eggplant and scarlet eggplant in Brazil, the natural infection of cashew by Xanthomonas citri pv. mangiferaeindicae in Burkina Faso and the first record of Platygaster luteipes from leaf galls on black pepper along with first report of the species from India.

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