Landmark Phytosanitary meeting CPM-12 kicks off in Incheon, Republic of Korea

The 12th Session of the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures, Republic of Korea
The 12th Session of the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures, Republic of Korea (Photo: CABI)

The 12th Session of the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures opened today in Incheon, Republic of Korea. This is significant as it is the first time that the event is being hosted outside of Rome by a member country of the International Plant Protection Convention. This year’s theme is “Plant Health and Trade Facilitation”, so this topic featured prominently during the opening remarks from Mr. Bong-Kyun Park, Commissioner of Animal and Plant Quarantine and Inspection (APQI), and in the keynote address by Mr. Kunio Mikuriya, Secretary General of the World Customs Organization.  Other topics under discussion on the first day of the CPM included proposals for dealing with emerging pest issues requiring global action; for building strategic partnerships with interested stakeholders such as industry groups; and for an ambitious new Strategic Framework for 2020 – 2030.

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Kenya’s Phytosanitary Successes and Challenges

Contributed by Roger Day, CABI

KEPHIS 1
Photo: KEPHIS

An “experimental item” added to the agenda of the 2014 Commission for Phytosanitary Measures (CPM) was reports of successes and challenges in implementing the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC).  Each year a couple of countries (or Contracting Parties in the jargon) give a brief presentation, and first up at this  year’s CPM11 was Kenya. Hellen Langat spoke on behalf of the Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service (KEPHIS), the National Plant Protection Organisation (NPPO).

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New initiative to support phytosanitary surveillance

Contributed by Melanie Bateman, CABI

olives
Olive trees are under threat by the emerging pests, Xylella fastidiosa and Olive Quick Decline Syndrome. Photo: M Bateman

As the standard setting organisation for plant health, the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) has long had an active, member driven programme to produce International Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs). Moving forward, the IPPC is putting more and more emphasis on supporting the implementation of the ISPMs and the Convention itself by member countries. To this end, the IPPC Secretariat is being structured into two main units: one focused on standards setting and the other aimed at facilitating implementation.

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Back to the future at CPM10

Contributed by Roger Day, CABI

future
Photo: http://www.insigniam.com

CPM10 has heard how the Strategic Planning Group (SPG) indulged in a little well-considered phytosanitary “future-casting” at its 2014 meeting. Challenged by the secretariat to think about what the IPPC might look like 20 years from now, members came up with over 60 points for reflection, grouped into 7 areas:

  • Technology, innovation and data
  • Resource mobilisation
  • Advocacy and awareness through strong communication
  • Implementation, participation and collaboration
  • The IPPC as a centre of excellence and innovation
  • The IPPC contribution to food security, environmental protection and economic prosperity
  • Simplified regulatory environment for the complexities of future global trade

The CPM is frequently told that funding constraints limit activities, so it’s disappointing (if realistic) that the phyto-prophets don’t see this problem going away any time soon.

Looking a little less far into the future, 2020 could well be the very first International Year of Plant Health (IYPH). CPM enthusiastically endorsed the idea, so now the extensive planning has to begin, with details to be presented to CPM11.

And also with an eye to the future, plans are advancing for the development of an electronic phytosanitary certificate system, e-phyto. Despite some concerns over costs and cyber-security issues, many contracting parties are keen to get started, and a proposal has been submitted to the Standards and Trade Development Facility to fund the development work.

20 years ago the CPM’s forerunner, the Interim Commission, didn’t even exist. Could anyone then have foretold what CPM10 would be discussing?

Counting down to the 10th Session of the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures

Contributed by Melanie Bateman, CABI Switzerland

CPM-10 will consider draft phytosanitary treatments for pests like coffee mealybug, Planococcus lilacinus (Peter A.C. Ooi/Tropical Press Sdn Bnd)
CPM-10 will consider draft phytosanitary treatments for pests like coffee mealybug, Planococcus lilacinus (Peter A.C. Ooi/Tropical Press Sdn Bnd)

The 10th session of the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures is fast approaching (16 to 20 March), and papers related to many of the items that will be under discussion have been made available on the website of the International Plant Protection Convention: https://www.ippc.int/core-activities/governance/cpm.

For example, the draft International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures that will be presented to the CPM for adoption are now available. These draft standards cover topics such as the determination of fruit fly host status, phytosanitary treatments for a range of important quarantine pests such as mealybugs and fruit flies, and the international movement of growing media. Once adopted, these standards will be valuable new additions to the toolkits of those working in plant health. Following on deliberations from past CPMs, a recommendation to help address the risk of pests that can be moved with sea containers will also be under consideration.

The suggestion to make 2020 the International Year of Plant Health was an exciting idea that generated a lot of enthusiasm during last year’s CPM. This year’s CPM is being presented a concrete proposal which outlines the steps needed to make the International Year of Plant Health a reality.

The CPM will also provide an update on the recent Secretariat Enhancement Evlauation, the report of which was recently published on the IPPC website: https://www.ippc.int/en/publications/8074/.

Plenary at CPM-9 (photo by M Bateman)
Plenary at CPM-9 (photo by M. Bateman/CABI)

Going to the CPM for the first time? Phytosanitary.info has information on how to prepare and participate: http://phytosanitary.info/information/participation-commission-phytosanitary-measures-cpm. Likewise, the UN Environmental Programme has extensive guides for negotiations within the frameworks of multilateral environmental agreements like the IPPC, e.g. the MEAs Negotiator’s Handbook, Guide For Negotiators of Multilateral Environmental Agreements and Negotiating and Implementing Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs): a Manual for NGOs.

Bringing together technical resources to address the spread of plant pests

Phytosanitary technical resources added by the world’s plant protection community on www.phytosanitary.info
Phytosanitary technical resources added by the world’s plant protection community on http://www.phytosanitary.info

Julia Dennis reports from this week’s International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) 8th session of the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM8) in Rome.

A side event during lunch on Tuesday provided a demonstration of the www.phytosanitary.info. This website is a database of phytosanitary technical resources contributed by the world’s plant protection community. In 2012, member countries and other partners in the plant health community submitted more than 300 different technical documents such as pest diagnostic protocols, pest control manuals, standard operating procedures, etc.

The IPPC Secretariat is looking to expand the resources offered through this website. For example, CABI and the IPPC are in discussions to incorporate some of CABI’s technical materials relevant to National Plant Protection Organisations into the phytosanitary.info website.

Look out for more live updates when Plantwise hosts Experiences  of the NPPOs side event from CPM8 at FAO headquarters in Rome.