The Hindu covers Plantwise activities in India

The National newspaper-The Hindu covers Plantwise efforts in India. Plant clinics are not only providing solutions to pest problems and are reducing the crop losses but also the farmers visiting them are realizing surplus harvests as compared to their fellow farmers.

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Farmers are relying upon these plant clinics for providing them guidance to distinguish the difference between pest and infestations, understand harmful effects of red labelled/ banned pesticides, pest resurgence, resistance to pesticides etc. To read the full article click here 

Infographic: Plantwise progress in Kenya so far

PW Kenya Infographic

Perú: Dos nuevas clínicas de plantas para los agricultores Lambayecanos

Proporcionando servicio de diagnósticos y recomendaciones  a los agricultores a las clínicas de plantas en Solecape (Martha Passador, CABI)

Proporcionando servicio de diagnósticos y recomendaciones a los agricultores a las clínicas de plantas en Solecape (Martha Passador, CABI)

Autores: Martha Passador (CABI) y Juan Pablo Gonzáles (EEA Vista Florida)

English summary follows

Debido a las necesidades de asistencia en algunos puntos más lejanos de la región de Lambayeque en Perú, y  mediante dos nuevos módulos de asistencia técnica, en el cual las Clínicas de Plantas forman parte del componente de diagnóstico y recomendación a los problemas identificados, implementados por el Instituto Nacional de Innovación Agraria – INIA. La institución busca brindar el servicio y beneficiar de manera directa a más de 200 agricultores lambayecanos en el diagnóstico oportuno de plagas y enfermedades  con el objetivo de reducir las pérdidas ocasionadas por el ataque de estas.

Las dos nuevas atenciones en las “Clínicas de Plantas” se encuentran ubicadas en los sectores de Solecape y Puente Tuñoque en Muy Finca, distrito de Mochumí. En ellas, los agricultores, podrán acercarse a realizar sus consultas sobre plagas y enfermedades sin costo alguno.

Agricultores de Solecape con doctores de plantas, especialistas del INIA y el equipo CABI (Martha Passador y Javier Franco) (Foto: Juan Pablo Gonzáles Delgado)

Agricultores de Solecape con doctores de plantas, especialistas del INIA y el equipo CABI (Martha Passador y Javier Franco) (Foto: Juan Pablo Gonzáles Delgado, EEA Vista Florida)

La metodología de trabajo de estas clínicas de plantas o módulos de asistencia técnica, permite brindar un espacio donde el agricultor pueda recurrir frente a la necesidad de asesoría y que la reciba de manera oportuna. Para ello estas clínicas atenderán de manera periódica.

La Ing. Patricia Villegas, Coordinadora de la Unidad de Extensión Agraria de la EEA “Vista Florida” – Lambayeque, indica que la metodología de atención en estas clínicas de plantas, es similar a las jornadas de atención médica. El agricultor sólo necesita acercarse con una muestra de su planta atacada por alguna plaga o enfermedad y el “Doctor de Plantas” le brindará la asesoría necesaria para tratar su problema fitosanitario, además de brindarle las recomendaciones necesarias para prevenir futuros ataques de la plaga. Esto no le demandará al agricultor más de media hora, con lo cual puede acudir a la clínica de plantas y luego volver a sus labores cotidianas, indicó la Ing. Villegas.

Las primeras reuniones para implementación de las atenciones de las clínicas de plantas en estos dos lugares se realizaron en los días 2 (Solecape) y 3 (Puente Tuñoque) de Diciembre del 2014. Las atenciones de estas clínica cuentan con dos ingenieros especialistas, que ofrecieron, en esta primera reunión,  explicaciones y demostraciones para utilización del Trichogramma sp. para el control de plagas lepidópteras en algodón.

Explicación y simulación de una atención de clínica de plantas a los agricultores en Puente Tuñoque (Foto: Martha Passador, CABI)

Explicación y simulación de una atención de clínica de plantas a los agricultores en Puente Tuñoque (Foto: Martha Passador, CABI)

Después que Patricia Villegas presentó a los agricultores los objetivos de la clínica de plantas, fue realizado un simulacro de una atención en clínica de plantas. En los dos sitios hubo una respuesta positiva por parte de los productores, los cuales esperan ansiosamente el inicio de las actividades de la clínica de plantas.

Además de dos especialistas en plagas del algodonero y representantes de la asociación de los productores locales, estuvieron apoyando al equipo del INIA, dos integrantes del programa Plantwise de CABI,  la Dra. Martha Passador y el Dr. Javier Franco.

Cabe mencionar que estos módulos han sido instalados gracias al trabajo del INIA y los Coordinadores Nacionales Luis Torres (EEA-La Molina) y Luis Navarrete (EEA-La Molina), junto al Programa Plantwise, el cual se ejecuta a nivel mundial y tiene presencia en 33 países y hasta la fecha ha implementado más de 720 clínicas de plantas brindando un servicio directo a los agricultores.

Agricultores de Solecape con doctores de plantas, especialistas del INIA y el equipo de CABI )Martha Passador y Javier Franco) (Foto: Juan Pablo Gonzáles Delgado)

Agricultores de Solecape con doctores de plantas, especialistas del INIA y el equipo de CABI )Martha Passador y Javier Franco) (Foto: Juan Pablo Gonzáles Delgado)

El programa tiene como objetivo mejorar la seguridad alimentaria mediante la reducción de las pérdidas de cultivos a través del apoyo a los agricultores con los módulos de atención- clínica para plantas y un banco de conocimientos global sobre plagas y enfermedades de los cultivos.

 

 

 

 

 

 

In December 2014, due to an increase need for agricultural assistance in some of the furthest parts of the Lambayeque region in Peru, INIA (Instituto Nacional de Innovación Agraria), assisted by Plantwise staff, implemented two new plant clinics in Solecape and Puente Tuñoque (Muy Finca, Mochumí district). Through those new clinics, INIA aims to provide a diagnostic and recommendation service to more than 200 farmers with the objective of reducing crop losses caused by pests and diseases. As part of the service provided by the plant clinics, during the first session, two cotton specialists demonstrated the use of parasitic wasps (Trichogramma sp.) to control lepidopteran pests in cotton fields. In both locations, positive feedback has been received from producers, who are looking forward to the beginning of the plant clinic activities.

Plantwise knowledge bank wins Open Data Award for Social Impact

Plant doctors in Kenya help advise farmers about sick crops at a local plant clinic with the help of the Plantwise knowledge bank Factsheet Library app. (Photo Wright/CABI)

Plant doctors in Kenya help advise farmers about sick crops at a local plant clinic with the help of the Plantwise knowledge bank Factsheet Library app. (Photo Wright/CABI)

On 4 November, the CABI-led Plantwise programme was announced as the winner of the Open Data Award for Social Impact. This is the latest accolade for this innovative open access platform for knowledge to help farmers lose less of what they grow to crop pests and diseases. Plantwise knowledge bank Global Director Shaun Hobbs accepted the award from Open Data Institute Chairman and Co-founder Sir Nigel Shadbolt at the ODI Summit gala dinner at the Museum of London.

Also nominated for the Social Impact award category were communications development consultancy Internews and the UNHCR Data Portal.

With this award, the Open Data Institute celebrates ‘innovation and excellence in the ways open data are used and published,’ as judged by a panel of industry experts, influencers and leaders in the field of open-access technology. It is hoped that recognition of Plantwise knowledge bank will continue to drive other public and private organisations to collaborate for the benefit of rural communities and global food security.

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Mexico eradicates Mediterranean fruit fly

Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata)

Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata). ©Daniel Feliciano – CC BY-SA 3.0

Mexico’s Secretary of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fishing and Food (SAGARPA) has declared the country free of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata, in a development that is expected to ease trade restrictions and boost the produce industry.

The declaration will positively impact on 1.8 million hectares of growing land for some key agricultural crops – including tomatoes, mangoes and avocados – with an annual production of 17.6 million metric tons (MT). The total value of the affected produce is estimated to be around 86 billion pesos (US$6.4 billion).

SAGARPA said the fruit fly’s eradication was a result of phytosanitary measures that had been in place for 35 years.

Fruit flies are a menacing pest across the world, causing damage to fruits and other agricultural crops with large financial consequences for international trade when export bans are imposed. For example, Pakistani mango imports were at risk of being banned by the EU earlier this year due to fruit fly infestations (http://www.newspakistan.pk/2014/06/23/eu-ban-import-pakistani-mangoes-due-infestation/), and in May this year the EU controversially banned all imports of Indian mangoes due to the discovery of tropical pests in the imported produce (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-27238239).

Do you have a problem with fruit flies in your crop? Find out how to manage fruit flies at a local level by reading pest management factsheets on the Plantwise knowledge bank: http://www.plantwise.org/KnowledgeBank/SearchResults.aspx?q=”fruit fly”.

Find out more about the distribution of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata, by clicking on the image below. Distribution records in CABI’s products (Plantwise knowledge bank and CPC) will be updated shortly.

Ceratitis capitata global distribution

Global distribution of Ceratitis capitata, compiled by the Plantwise knowledge bank based on published reports in the scientific literature. ©CABI 2014. http://www.plantwise.org/KnowledgeBank.

Combatting the “black spot” on citrus production in Ghana

Contributed by Melanie Bateman, Integrated Crop Management Adviser, CABI in Switzerland

Citrus fruits with angular leaf spot (M. Bateman)

Citrus fruits with angular leaf spot (M. Bateman)

Not long ago, farmers in the Ashanti region of Ghana had seen citrus as a potential money-maker but now many are now giving up in despair as pathogens such as citrus angular leaf spot (Pseudocercospora angolensis) and citrus black spot (Guignarida citricarpa) diminish yields and make the fruits unmarketable. Many farmers have even gone as far as cutting down their orange trees and replacing them with cocoa.

Recently, a team of plant doctors, Ministry of Agriculture extension staff, researchers and other experts led a series of plant health rallies to help equip farmers with information on how to manage citrus angular leaf spot and other plant health problems constraining citrus production. The rallies were presented to unsuspecting members of the public – ‘spontaneous’ rather than regimented extension. The plant health rally approach enabled the team to reach many farmers in the affected area in a short period of time. It also served as a means for the team of experts to gather information from farmers’ on their problems and experiences.

During a plant health rally, an expert gives citrus growers some advice on how to manage some key plant health problems (M Bateman)

During a plant health rally, an expert gives citrus growers some advice on how to manage some key plant health problems (M Bateman)

For example, the discussions with the farmers uncovered another major challenge for the citrus producers: because of a lack of a market, farmers are unable to sell the oranges that they do produce. This is another factor contributing to the decision taken by some to replace citrus with cocoa. This feedback loop will help to strengthen the support provided to farmers. Ultimately, it is hoped that the support provided through plant health rallies, plant clinics and other extension activities will help farmers to respond to and begin to remove the “black spot” on Ghana’s citrus.

Behind the scenes of Plantwise plant clinics in Uganda

PhD student, Andrew Tock, of the Warwick Crop Centre, has spent three months monitoring Plantwise plant clinic success in Uganda as part of a BBSRC-funded Doctoral Training Partnership. During this time, he kept a research diary (video above), describing his experiences in Uganda and the day-to-day work of plant doctors in the field.

To read an interview with Andrew, visit the BBSRC website: http://www.bbsrc.ac.uk/news/food-security/2014/141029-f-plant-clinics-in-uganda.aspx

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