El Puesto para Plantas de Achuapa, Nicaragua ayuda a mantener la producción de ajonjolí

Por Solveig Danielsen, Luis Medina, Patricia Castillo y Eduardo Hidalgo

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El ajonjolí, principal actividad económica del municipio de Achuapa

El ajonjolí es un cultivo de mucha importancia socioeconómica para los pequeños productores de la franja del pacífico de Nicaragua. Desde principio de los años 90, la Cooperativa Juan Francisco Paz Silva produce y procesa ajonjolí para la exportación de aceite a Estados Unidos, Inglaterra y Japón.

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The Achuapa plant clinic helps to maintain sesame yields in Nicaragua

By Solveig Danielsen, Luis Medina, Patricia Castillo and Eduardo Hidalgo

nicasesameplant
Sesame, the main economic crop in Achuapa

Sesame is a crop of great socioeconomic importance for smallholder farmers of the pacific region of Nicaragua. Since the early 90s, the Juan Francisco Paz Silva Cooperative has produced sesame oil, mainly for export to the United States, England and Japan.

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Swapping Pesticides with Beetles Could Put Money in Farmers’ Pockets

By Wei Zhang. Reblogged from Agrilinks.

34096134693_27bfc1e954_bEvery time you see a ladybug—also known as the ladybird beetle—you should tuck it in your wallet as a lucky charm to bring prosperity, according to the folklore of many countries. There’s a grain of truth in the old stories. Research shows that each ladybird in a cotton field in the North China Plain provides an economic benefit to farmers of at least 0.05 yuan, or one U.S. cent. This may not sound like much, but consider: Doubling the current ladybird density in two-thirds of Chinese cotton fields could bring farmers around $300 million per year.

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Update: New Pest & Disease Records (05 November 18)

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This month’s pest alerts include a report on 8 new species of weevil (Curculionidae) in Saudi Arabia (© Pexels)

We’ve selected a few of the latest new geographic, host and species records for plant pests and diseases from CAB Abstracts. Records this fortnight include the first report of Trochoideus desjardinsi in Cuba. 8 new records of Curculionidae in Saudi Arabia and 3 new species of aphids in China. Continue reading

Más allá del conocimiento: Estrategias para frenar el daño del gorgojo de los Andes en Perú

Por Fernando Escobal Valencia, Doctor de Plantas – INIA-Plantwise, Cajamarca –  Perú

Sesión Experiencias MIP Gorgojo de los Andes

El caserío Secsemayo pertenece al Centro Poblado Chamis, distrito Cajamarca, en la región Cajamarca; está ubicado a 20 kilómetros en dirección al sur – oeste de la ciudad capital, geográficamente enclavado en los andes cajamarquinos a 3,200 m.s.n.m.; bajo estas condiciones, la papa es el principal cultivo, cuya producción se destina íntegramente al consumo y seguridad alimentaria de aproximadamente 150 familias rurales.

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Tailor-made crop varieties for farmers

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Bacterial wilt in tomato crops were the focus of this study (© Pexels)

Bacterial wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum) is one of the world’s most devastating plant diseases, with major crops such as tomato, potato and pepper being severely affected. Until now, crop breeders and farmers have had to simply wait for their crops to mature to determine the level of resistance to the disease. New research has shown that with modern metabolomics technology, it is possible to determine the level of disease resistance in plants much earlier at the seedling stage. This development could save both farmers and breeder time and money when growing host crops, and reduce the yield losses caused by the bacterial disease.

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