Por Fernando Escobal Valencia, Doctor de Plantas – INIA-Plantwise, Cajamarca – Perú
El caserío Secsemayo pertenece al Centro Poblado Chamis, distrito Cajamarca, en la región Cajamarca; está ubicado a 20 kilómetros en dirección al sur – oeste de la ciudad capital, geográficamente enclavado en los andes cajamarquinos a 3,200 m.s.n.m.; bajo estas condiciones, la papa es el principal cultivo, cuya producción se destina íntegramente al consumo y seguridad alimentaria de aproximadamente 150 familias rurales.
On the 16th October, World Food Day events will take place around the globe to draw attention to the growing problem of world hunger and malnutrition.
Shockingly, the FAO has reported that 10% of the global population experienced severe food insecurity in 2017 and that world hunger has increased for the third consecutive year. Key drivers in this trend have been recent climate variations and extreme weather events and increasing impacts of pests and diseases.
Sustainable agriculture means the production of food from plants or animals using different agricultural techniques that protect communities, the environment, and animal welfare. The extensive use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers to boost crop yields may have resulted in good yields and productivity, but it has caused the efficiency of the soil to deteriorate throughout the world day-by-day. This modern agricultural practice has caused a steep fall in the biodiversity (above and below the ground) associated with cropland ecosystems.
This is the final post as part of our Climate Smart Agriculture Week (20 – 24 November 2017)
Understanding which agricultural practices work best, and where, to halt the impacts of climate change is one thing. But making sure those practices are adopted by communities – farmers, decision and policy makers – is another thing.
This is the second guest post as part of our Climate Smart Agriculture Week (20 – 24 November 2017)
Climate change poses major challenges to small-scale African farmers, whose own locally developed strategies to address these challenges provide entry points to sustainable processes of adapting to climate change. Partners in Prolinnova – a global network for promoting local innovation in ecological agriculture and natural resource management – have studied how crop farmers respond creatively to change.
Some case studies from West and Central Africa provide some insight: